Degree in Music History and Sciences
The duration of the Degree in Degree in Music History and Sciences is of 4 years. The minimum number of credits needed to obtain the degree is 240 ECTS credits.
Modality: Attendance required
Teaching Languages: Spanish
Distribution and Credits:
- Basic Formation: 60
- Compulsory Subjects: 132
- Elective Subjects: 42
- Undergraduate Thesis: 6
Registration fees for first-time enrollment in a full course: 550,92 €
- Subjects, schedules, lecturers, teaching guides and competences of the Degree
- We help you with your procedures
- Students with specific needs
- Recognition of credits
- Permanence Regulations
- Link to the RUCT
- Official Documentation of the Degree
- Composition of the Quality Committee
- Summary of the System of internal quality assurance
- Documentation of the System of internal quality assurance
- Verification, monitoring and certification reports
- Annual monitoring report, performance markers and results of the General Teaching Survey (RED)
Access and Career Opportunities
Profile of the New Student
- Recommended High School modalities with the PAU examination passed: Stage Arts, Music and Dance, Humanities and Social Sciences.
- Higher Grade formative cycle.
- Access examination for people Older than 25, 40 or 45.
- University degree.
The recommended profile combines an analytical, reflective and critical attitude with an interest for musical creation and a good disposition towards the development of musical knowledge. A certain reading dexterity and comprehension of chords are required and a basic level of musical appreciation.
- Teaching at various educational levels.
- Research in musicology.
- Management of musical heritage: catalogin, conservation and consultancy.
- Management and programming of musical activities.
- Artistic direction and consultancy in stage arts, music and dance.
- Information media and cultural industries.
- Musical dissemination and promotion in information media, publishing houses and tourism enterprises.
Characteristics of the Center
Premises and services
Classrooms and seminars equipped with a computer, a projector, access to the Internet, audiovisual playback. Musical computer room. Library, newspaper collection, partiture collection and media library of the Campus of Humanities. Lunchroom and social spaces for students.
Mobility and international relations
ERASMUS mobility agreements: Pisa and Turin (Italy), Lisbon (Portugal).
SICUE mobility agreements: Granada, Valladolid.
Internships, employment and tutorial action plan
External internships in musical archives, orchestras and other musical and cultural entities. Tutorial action plan for new students.
Justification of the Degree
During the last 30 years in Spain, there has been an important increase in the socialization of culture and music as part of it, with the not only the State, but also the Autonomous Communities and the Town Councils, assuming an important responsibility in the recovery, the analytical study, transmission and dissemination of the musical heritage, with concrete actions on it, generating an increasing demand of new professionals. Currently, more and more graduates in Music History and Sciences who occupy distinguished positions in the Autonomous Communities; Town Councils; Orchestras; Music Schools; Traditional Music Schools; Museums; Music Archives; Centers of Music Documentation; Foundations devoted to the conservation and dissemination of music; enterprises of management, dissemination and production of music, etc. We may point out that, with the beginning of the conversion of the Bachelor's Degrees into Undergraduate Degrees, during 2005 a national campaign was conducted to support the Degree in Music History and Sciences that collected around 500 signatures in a month from institutions, enterprises and proffessionals ffrom different Autonomous Communities. In the case of Asturias, support was given by the Management of the Symphonic Orchestra of the Principality of Asturias, municipal cultural foundations from many different town councils and other private enterprises, conservatories and music schools, as well as some other relevant enterprises.
We consider that the Degree in Music History and Sciences proposed is academically unquestionable and needed in the new labor market. It is a Degree capable of educating professionals who are ready to face the new challenges of a society in which the industry and management of leisure time and a greater sentitivity towards knowledge, dissemination and management of the musical heritage of any kind continuously create new needs. These needs, which will be attended to by the Degree in Music History and Sciences, are summarized in the following description of the professional profiles it caters to:
Musical heritage: cataloging, conservation, restauration of the heritage and consultancy
With the development of the State of the Autonomies, Spain has seen an increase in the number of projects related to the recovery, edition and dissemination of its musical heritage, which have taken the form of discographic collections, editorial series, and the creation of several centers for music documentation. Thanks to them, we know now even more that the very rich Spanish musical heritage has been kept in dozens of libraries, archives (both public and private), and music collections belonging to the Church (cathedral archives, convents, colleges, monasteries, etc.). All of them demand specific actions aimed at both the cataloging and documentation, and, above all, the dissemination of their contents. To this circumstance we have to add the relative state of abandonment in which were, for the past decades, archives and the testimonies of oral music in a country such as Spain, which has a great richness of traditional musical sources that require concrete actions for their conservation through research and recovery projects.
All the aforementioned projects and actions require a theoretical knowledge and a series of analytical skills that make graduates in Music History and Sciences the best-suited professionals for intervening in the conservation and recovery of the musical heritage. Thus, there is a need for documentalists capable of making inventories and catalogs as a first step towards knowing and protecting musical sources, and who are also capable fo working with different cataloging systems, adapted to the different sources. There is a demand for professionals to use the tools needed to study, transcribe and analyze the musical sources. Said professionals must know the current legal framework that regulates the musical heritage, where there are several levels of legislation (international, European, Spanish, autonomous and the legislation of the Latin American countries). The logical chain of actions over the musical heritage also includes any possible interventions on it, through the edition of recovered works, interpreting and recording them, creating exhibitions, etc.
This way, the graduate in Music History and Sciences may contribute with their formation in music history and documentation to provide correct information to the institutions, foundations, publishing houses and enterprises of management of cultural heritage that need it.
In relation to this latest professional profile, the cultural manager is another vital agent in the dissemination of musical heritage, as well as for the development of a cultural and/or leisure offer, which is a growing demand in our society. Cultural management has been increasing its reach for the past few years, since the consolidation of the cultural and leisure offer in the public and private administrations of the sector. From being a formal activity with a voluntary nature, it has evolved into a job that demands professionals specialized in diverse fields. In the field of cultural management, we may find artistic direction in the scenic arts, music and dance. Thus, there is a specific field of action in the organization of the lyrical seasons of opera and zarzuela, concert cycles, exhibitions related to the world of music, conference cycles, summer courses, cultural weeks, dance workshops, instrument-building workshops, etc.
Graduates in Music History and Sciences will be in an optimal position to become part of the teams in charge of the cultural activities managed both by town councils, delegations and autonomous governments, and by private foundations and other enterprises. The numerous music festivals that exist in the Spanish territory also require experts in music programming and management. The specific formation of the graduate in Music Science and History in diverse disciplines related to history, and the creation and management of the heritage is a good guarantee of a good performance in cultural development.
Information media and cultural industries
The development of new media dynamics has opened numerous possibilities for the graduates in Music History and Sciences. Until very recently, the staff of the music sections of the information media was composed by journalists and aficionados who had some skills in management rather than by graduates in Music History and Sciences, who have a specific musicologic formation. Fortunately, this situation is changing. Nowadays, in addition to the traditional activity of music criticism, which has been a part of any written information medium since the early 20th century, there have been new professional perspectives derived from the multiplication of periodical publications related to music, both in paper and digital, which require new professional practices, like the specialized interview, discographic criticism, contact with the main centers of musical production, an expert's opinion, thematic interviews, etc.
Radios specialized in the creation of new music, radioformulas and specific programming are of a special interest, since they usually have in their staff journalists specialized in the genre. Another professiona field of great relevance is the production of books, scores and discrographies that offer work, both in the specific field of direction and management of projects, and in other fields of lesser entrepreneurial responsibility, such as discographic criticism and the electronic copy of music, which require a specific formation in the field of interpretation, musical analysis and the editorial techniques, respectively. Lastly, we have to consider the increasing importance of music in television, marketing and films, where audivisiual communication is a booming professional field in which musicologists have much to say, considering the importance of musical semiotics (both in terms of communicational semiotics and social semiotics.
Graduates in Music History and Sciences may provide their knowledge of Music History; of the traditional repertoire and other means for recovery; of recent discographic productions and of new technologies for musical production, which may contribute to rationalize and make profitable the presence of music in the information media and cultural industries.
The Degree in Music History and Sciences will have the necessary and compulsory musical formation to face the challenges of teaching in secondary and non-compulsory educational levels, while meeting the requirements of the current legislation (Máster's Degre, etc.). This capacity extends itself to the teaching of music in certain historical and analytical subjects taught in Conservatories and Music Schools. Lastly, and in an exceptional way, university education may be considered a field of potential development. In any case, the graduates in Music History and Sciences will be people educated in the field of the Humanities, with university criteria and, thus, they will offer their students an integral vision of music that not only spans practice, but also theory, history, analysis, the aesthetics and other aspects of the sound experience developed, until now, by the Bachelors in Music History and Sciences since the establishment of the Degree in Spain in 1985.
Musicological research in Spain has been conducted, mostly, by professionals related to the University and other research centers, or by those who wish to access university teaching. Nevertheless, the number of musicologist researchers in Spain is higher than that of university teachers, bearing in mind the aforementioned state of musical heritage and the interest generated by it. Thus, the perspectives for the future of musicological research are numerous and very interesting. Graduates in Music History and Sciences will be able to develop their professional activities in this field, completing the work of documentalists and musical advisors in cultural projects. Without a shade of doubt, this is one of the most gratifying jobs for graduates in Music History and Sciences and one of the most looked-after by the teaching plans and reseach from the universities, allowing them to have an internationa projection, since the EHEA has become a fundamental framework for attendance to congresses and scientific meetings.
This is why we can confirm that for a changing society where the social and economic relevance of music is in a clearly growth, a profile such as the one of the proposed Degree is not only adequate, and not in just a few aspects, but it also is the only one capable of being on par with other Degrees found around Europe. In fact, we will outline how this Degree has an important legacy in the national and international university and how it offers high rates of market insertion and social demand.
Experiences by the University prior to the establishment of similar Degrees.
The University of Oviedo has been the pioneering university in the field of studies in musicology in Spain. We cannot forget that the presence of music studies was to be found even in the foundation of the University of Oviedo in 1608, since the first statutes, those of 1607, include choir studies among the core foundational subjects. Furthermore, the success of the teaching and musical dissemination activities carried out by University Extension at the beginning of the 20th century are another element that indicates the positive acceptance of music in our academic institution. The Speciality in Musicology, as one of the oldest specialities in the Bachelor's Degree in Geography and History, started in the 1985-1986 academic year (BOE from 11-12-1984). From this initiative by the University of Oviedo, the Spanish university finally incorporated musicological studies into the curriculum, putting itself on-par with other European countries where there already was a long-standing university tradition, as well as with the United States, Canada and Australia. Afterwards, it was transformed into a second-cycle Bachelor's Degree in Music History and Sciences (Planned in 1996, modified in 1999 and currently in effect). The previous experience of the Bachelor's Degree (almost 25 years), cemented by the successive curricula, has featured a constant effort to improve the different aspects of teaching, both in the updating of the contents and in the design of a more rational organization and structure, carried out by the faculty of these studies. The establishment of a Degree in Music History and Sciences will allow, on the other hand, for the optimization of existing human resources, with a teaching and research staff specialized in diverse scientific field, known for its presence and participation in the most prestigious national and international scientific forums, and highly motivated by the innovation in the different aspects of a dynamic discipline in constant progress. As a consequence of this trajectory, we have achieved a faculty of professionals whose activity is diversified in different specialities, with lines of research that deal with the analytical study, protection, dissemination and assessment of the Spanish and Asturian heritages. On the other hand, the University of Oviedo (both from the Bachelor's Degree and the PhD Program) has educated teachers who are currently working in diverse Spanish and foreign universities, secondary education centers, and professionals for archives, conservatories, music schools, information media and various institutions.
Potential demand for the Degree
The White Book of our Degree shows the social interest in the Bachelor's Degree and the demand for it. In the surveys conducted among graduates during the period comprised between the 1990-1991 and 2002-2003 academic years, those who entered the labor market reach 88.46% among around 900 graduates in Spain, and 88.51% in the case of Oviedo, or, in other words, 156 of 244 graduates. In this same study, a survey was conducted to see the level of general satisfaction with the formation of the graduates in Music History and Sciences in relation to the position they occupy in their enterprise. The result reached 4.75 in a scale of 5, which indicates a grade that almost reaches maximum satisfaction. Moreover, enterprises were asked about their interest in hiring graduates from this speciality, to which 90% answered in a positive way. Thus, we can affirm that Music History and Sciences is a demanded Degree that has managed to offer an answer to the needs of society for the past two decades. We should mention that, in terms of employment, these positions are almost always related to the Degree studied.
Furthermore, we must say that in the survey conducted among the graduates as part of the participation of the Degree in the Program of Institutional Evaluation of the ANECA (2006/2007), the degree of satisfaction in the global scale of the Degree reached 100% (46,4% Satisfied, 42,9% Relatively Satisfied and 10,7 Very Satisfied): in fact, coinciding with the survey carried out for the White Book, 85.7% of the graduates would choose this Degree again if they had to start again their studies. The Report of External Evaluation of the aforementioned program shows the existance of "a vocational student base that is satisfied with the results obtained during their formation" and "a faculty that is stable, qualified and involved in the improvement of teaching, willing to participate in programs for improvement, and interested in their creation".
Thus, experience has shown the demand for the Degree and the satisfaction of the graduates, as well as the need of a Degree that has a longer duration than the current second-cycle Bachelor's Degree expressed by both students and teacher, which will allow for a reasonable temporization of the studies.
In terms of the particularity of the studies, it is important to highlight that the profile of formation offered by the proposed Degree is not approached by any other institution devoted to musical formation. While Conservatories and Music Schools offer a formation centered on musical interpretation and composition, and where the studies of Music History or Music Analysis are taught depending on their practical implications, in the Bachelor's Degree in Music History and Sciences these subjects are approached from other methodological perspectives, as it happens with Ethnomuscology, popular urban music, aesthetical and anthropological analysis of music, heritage and musical management. To summarize, the Degree in Music History and Sciences proposes an integral study of the phenomenon of sound and musical creation as a cultural good attached to past and present society.
This way, the graduate in Music History and Sciences will be a professional capable of adapting to the diverse musical spaces that have been generated in modern society. Some of the aforementioned professional profiles have been widely studied, while some others are in the process of expansion in Spain but, in any case, the competences needed by a graduate to face them have been studied in detail by the White Book of Music History and Sciences. Thus, the Bachelor's Degree in Music History and Sciences, embedded in the framework of university studies and related in particular to the Humanities, is the model that, after being properly adapted to the advantages of the new Undergraduate Degrees, serves as the starting point for the proposed reform.
Area of influence of the proposed Degree
The area of influence of the current Degree extends itself throughout the national territory, without forgetting the constant presence of students from mobility programs, such as the Erasmus or Socrates, that furthers the presence of these studies abroad. Moreover, we have to bear in mind the high degree of development and professionalization of musical life in Spain during the past few decades, which has made a good part of the country capable of offering job opportunities for historians, managers, critics or teachers of the different levels of education who have been properly formed in this type of studies. We also point out that the current Bachelor's Degree in Music History and Sciences has historically had a high number of students coming from outside of Asturias, especially from the autonomous communities of Galicia, Cantabria, the Basque Country, or Castilla-Leon, among others. In the survey conducted among the graduates as part of the participation of the Degree in the Program of Institutional Evaluation of the ANECA (2006/2007), the percentage of students from other communities during the past 3 courses has always surpassed 50% of the total. In the case of the composition of the student base in terms of gender during the same period of time, women make up the majority, with their presence always being higher than 55%, and in some cases reaching 70% of the new enrollments.
We should point out in a special way the constante presence of the most diverse musical expression in the modern Asturian society, with an increasing interest and demand in a community where the musical institutions have a long-standing tradition and legacy. We could even say that, with the exception of Madrid and Barcelona, the quality and quanity of the offer of music of Oviedo, alongside Gijón and Avilés, is not matched by any other capital city in the country, as publicly recognized by diverse sectors of planning, management, presentation of artists and orchestras, and concert agencies, for whom Asturias is a constante referent. The University of Oviedo and the studies of Musicology have undoubtedly contributed to this situation.
National and international references that support the proposal
After the pioneering effort of the University of Oviedo with the establishment of the Speciality in Musicology in 1985, official studies of musicology were established, first as a Speciality and then as a second-cycle Bachelor's Degree, in the universities of Salamanca, Granada, Valladolid, Complutense de Madrid, Autónoma de Barcelona, La Rioja, Autónoma de Madrid y Católica de Valencia. The presence of Bachelor's Degrees in Music History and Sciences in 9 Spanish universities guarantees a set of criteria for homogenity determined by the system of compulsory credits for a series of common subjects for all the plans of this Degree. In the current process of adaptation, several national meetings have taken place between the aforementioned universities to agree upon general characteristics of the Degrees, sharing information on the concrete features of each project of Degree. Since they are all born from the current homogenity, some points of coincidence are visible in the proposals. In the framework of this process, the universities of Autónoma de Madrid, Complutense de Madrid, Salamanca, Granada, Valladolid and Autónoma de Barcelona have already presented their projects of Degrees. Recently, the Governing Council of the University of Salamanca has approved the creation of a Degree in Music History and Sciences, in October 12, 2008.
In terms of the European sphere, university studies of musicology have existed in almost all of the countries of Europe. Unlike what may happen with other more recent disciplines, musicology enjoys a relatively solid trajectory in the core of the European university, even if the Degree and the chronology of its establishment do not coincide for all the countries. The pioneering studies in Germany in the decade of the 1880's were joined by the first specific university Degrees in England (Cambridge in 1945 and Oxford in 1950) and France (decade of the 1960's, as the result of the first studies of Musicology active since a long time before, such as those of Strassburg in 1872, Paris in 1903 and Poitiers in 1961). A process of similar characteristics also took place in Holland, Belgium, Finland, Ireland, Italy and Portugal.
Thus, in most of the European countries, this is a consolidated discipline in university teaching and research. This way, in 1999, the Bachelor's Degree in Musicology was offered in 20 of the 85 French universities, in 41 German universities and in 35 British universities, while in 2002 subjects related to music and musicology were offered in nearly 30 Italian universities with a total of 103 permanent teachers. In this context, it is no wonder that the initiatives that have been taking place for the adaptation of these studies to the framework of the EHEA keep the Degree in Music that existed before, introducing the necessary changes resulting from the process of harmonization and the new concept of the European credit.
Termination of the Curriculum
Adaptation to the Undergraduate Degree
During the time when the characteristics of the regulations that, in general terms, will be created by the University of Oviedo are not yet know, and always seeking to avoid that the students may be negatively affected by this process, a procedure for the adaptation to the Degree has been designed, as detailed in the following table:
Bachelor's Degrees that are supressed by the establishment of the proposed Undegraduate Degree:
The establishment of the Undergraduate Degree in Music History and Sciences of the University of Oviedo means the conclusion of the current second-cycle studies of the Bachelor's Degree in Music History and Sciences, (Resolution of November 15, 2001, BOE 03-12-2001).