Undergraduate Degrees

Oferta 2016/2017

  • Degree in Chemistry

    General Information

    Description:

    The duration of the Degree in Chemistry is of 4 years. The minimum number of credits needed to obtain the degree is 240 ECTS credits.

    Responsible Center:

    Modality: Attendance required

    Teaching Languages: Español/Inglés (itinerario bilingüe)

    Distribution and Credits:

    • Basic Formation: 60
    • Compulsory Subjects: 144
    • Elective Subjects: 18
    • Undergraduate Thesis: 18

    Registration fees for first-time enrollment in a full course:  1068,54 €

    Access and Career Opportunities

    Profile of the New Student
    • Recommended High School modalities with the PAU examination passed: Sciences and Technology.
    • Higher Grade formative cycle.
    • Access examination for people Older than 25, 40 or 45.
    • University degree.

    New students should have the capacity for understanding, written and oral expression. They should show interest and motivation, capacity for observation, analysis and reflection. They must be able to adapt to new situations and show an active disposition towards learning and teamwork.

    Professional Opportunities

    The graduate in Chemistry will have acquired the necessary skills to work in the chemical industry, non-university teaching, Health Sciences, and other fields related to Chemistry (counceling, commercial management, security and sanitation at work).

    Professional profiles:

    • Research and/or teaching
    • Public administration.
    • Management and administration of chemical laboratories.
    • Industry, management of projects and technical work.
    • Quality control at labs and labor risks prevention.
    • Commercial management
    • Consultancy and counceling.

    Characteristics of the Center

    Premises and services

    Classrooms and teaching and research labs. Library and journals room with a sizable collection of periodical publications. Computer room with 36 computers with Internet access.

    Mobility and international relations

    Agreements with numerous Spanish universities in the student exchange program SICUE. Agreements for exchange of students in the program SOCRATES/ERASMUS. Exchange agreements for students and teachers with American universities (e.g. USA, Mexico, Brazil).

    Internships, employment and Tutorial Action Plan

    Welcome Session, Tutorial Action Plan (in groups of five students per tutor). Internships at enterprises. Career counseling courses organized by the University of Oviedo, the Official College of Chemists of Asturias and Leon and the Association of Chemists of the Principality of Asturias.

    Further information

    Justification of the Degree

    Chemistry allows us to understand the world around us, including living beings, and has a great influence in our existence, our culture and our quality of life. Through Chemistry, new drugs that extend the life expectancy of people have been created, the production of food has been greatly improved with the use of fertilizers and pest-control substances, plastic and other materials that we commonly use in our every day life have been created, the protection of the environment has been positively improved. It is then that Chemistry has become a vital factor in the social well-being of humanity. As citizens who live in a developed and consumist world, it is necessary that we are able to analyze scientifically the effects, both positive and negative, that chemical substances have in our lives and environment. This analysis can only be made if we have a solid basic formation in Chemistry.

    Apart from contributing to the education of informed citizens, the study of Chemistry is featured in the study plans of other disciplines as Biology, Engineering, Pharmacology, Agriculture, etc. This is due to the fact that Chemistry is a central science for the understanding of other sciences and technologies. This nature of central discipline is derived from the object of study of Chemistry itself: matter, its structure at an atomic and molecular level, its properties derived from the structure and its transformation via chemical reactions. Research in Chemistry allows for the progress of the knowledge of these aspects and the extrapolation and prediction about the synthesis of new substances that are useful for humanity. This discipline also present a great interest for the industry, since those based on chemical processes are many and very varied: fertilizers, fossil oils, metallurgy and steelworks, paper, cement, cosmetics, food, pharmaceutical, paintings and detergents. Of no less importance is the duty of transmitting the basic principles of Chemistry to the students of Secondary Education and Baccalaurate, who will be performed by the graduates in this subject, once they have finished their formation with the necessary pedagogical concepts.

    To summarize, due to its vocation for innovation and community service, Chemistry, since its beginnings, has had a great impact in the progress of humanity, developing substances and technologies that have affects all the areas of activity of human beings, becoming one of the pillars of the competitive capacity of a country.

    Chemistry is a central science, related to everything that surrounds us, including living beings. That is why it offers such a wide range of possibilities. Without a shade of doubt, Chemistry influences our lives, our existance, our culture and our quality of life. All of the process carried out by living being, since their origin, are chemical reactions; the things we use or wear, the place were we live or the toys we play with, are products of controled chemical reactions. The duty of a chemist os to design reactions that turn the substances that surround us into other substances that satisfy our needs. Chemists manage to answer as many needs of our society as possible by studying the factors that govern and control chemical reactions. Obviously, for this study they need the help of other disciplines and thus, from its central position, Chemistry interacts with a great variety of scientific fields, generating fields of knowledge that are hard to classify. Be as it may, Chemistry is always present in any field that progresses our understanding of the universe around us.

    In this progress of knowledge, Chemistry plays a vital role in the basic research that allows us to know the fundamental hows and whys of the chemical reactions. As the result of this type of research, a body of theoretical methodologies is generated, which permits us to extrapolate and make predictions about new reactions that can be use to create new substances useful for society. Thus, starting from theoretical concepts, Chemistry is able to project itself towards new and promising industrial applications or solutions for problems of our societies.

    Due to the answer it has given to human needs, Chemistry has become a pivotal factor in the economic stability of societies. We live in a time of special opportunities for progresses in many of the facets of Chemistry, and chemists interact with other disciplines. The opportunity arises from the enormous versatility of this science to develop new mechanisms for exploring the basic stages that take place during chemical changes; from its capacity to understand the substances that surround us, including those of a extreme complexity like biological molecules, and from the use by chemists of the most advanced instrumental techniques that significantly contribute to speeding up the progress of Chemistry.

    The teaching project that is proposed for the approval of the Undergraduate Degree in Chemistry of the University of Oviedo has its base in the studies of Chemistry that have been offered by this University since 1895. Within the Faculty of Sciences, the studies of Chemistry were emplaced at the building on San Francisco street, nowadays the site of the Office of the Rector, until in 1913 the Section of Chemistry was created and located in an independent building, the so-called Pavillion of Sciences, which nowadays hosts three Offices of the Vice-Rector. On September 20, 1958, was inaugurated the building of the Faculty of Sciences, in what is today called the Campus of Llamaquique. This center hosted the Section of Chemistry, Geology (created on July 22, 1958) and Biology (established on July 27, 1968). Afterwards, on February 5 1982, the Faculty of Sciences was divided into the Faculties of Biology, Geology and Chemistry. The current building of the Faculty of Chemistry was built in 1988, and inaugurated during October of the following year.

    During the 1970's, the Faculty started its current stage, characterized by the incoporation of new teachers after the retirment or transfer of the Tenured Professors of Technical Chemistry (1970), Organic Chemistry and Physical Chemistry (1973), Physics (1979) and Inorganic Chemistry (1980). This solidified the prolific schools that, in a few years, changed the teaching panorama. During the 1980's, the number of teachers began to increase noticeably, a process that has been true until our days.

    In 1973, a new curriculum is established for the studies of Chemistry that introduced the possibility of choosing one of five chemical specialities. Later on, in 1994, these were transformed into four chemical specialities (Analytical, Physical, Inorganic and Organic) and the speciality of Chemical Engineering was turned into an independent Degree. In 1994, the curriculum of Chemistry of four years began to be offered, in which the greatest innovation was that the lab practices were transformed into experimental subjects, making them independent from the theoretical subjects. In 2001, the current study plan in five years began its course, maintaining the autonomy of the experimental subjects. During the last few years, the demand of this Degree has become stable in around 70-80 new students, becoming the second most request Degree in the branch of Experimental Sciences after Biology.

    This proposal is focused on making the students that start the Degree in Chemistry achieve a generalist formation on Chemisty in its current state of scientific and applied development. With this formation, they will be able to face their future professional careers in areas of interest for modern society.

    In Spain, the relevance of Chemistry has been officially recognized several times. As an example, on November 12, 2002, the Day of Chemistry was established with the publication on the Official Journal of the State the order 2893/2002. In the preamble we can read that: "The Entrepreneurial Federation of the Chemical Industry (FEIQUE), the Spanish Royal Society of Chemistry, the Council of Official Colleges of Chemists of Spain, the National Association of Chemists of Spain, the State Federation of Related Industries-UGT, the Textile-Leather, Chemical and Related Federation of Worker's Committees and the Higher Council of Scientific Research have requested to this Ministry the declaration of November 15 as the Day of Chemistry. The goal of the request is to promote the dissemination of the Chemical Science, instructing society on its contribution to the improvement of the quality of life. This will contribute, on the other hand, to promote the formation, research, development and technological innovation in said area. The Ministry of Science and Technology is fully aware of the relevance that the Chemical Science has on any policy of promotion of R&D. It is no wonder, then, that the National Plan for Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation (2000-2003), approved by the Agreement of the Council of Ministers on December 12, 1999, includes, among other scientific-technological areas, one related to, precisely, the Chemical Process and Products".

    Chemistry is a discipline that is being taught since many years ago in the majority of European and American universities. A good portion of the European universities that offer a Degree in Chemistry have adopted the formation of their students to the Eurobachelor model, promoted by the European Chemistry Thematic Network (http://ectn-assoc.cpe.fr/) and adopted by the General Assembly of EuChems in 2003. To achieve this, they have followed the course of action set by the Tuning Network of Chemistry.

    From an academic point of view, it is imperative to propose these studies that have as their goal a knowledge of matter and its transformations with an approach that is not implicit in any other science. The transmission of the knowledge acquired throughout the years to the younger generations makes it possible that this knowledge may evolve to answer old and new questions.

    In terms of its interest for the professional world, we have to point out that there are many industries based on chemical processes: producers of fertilizers, oil industries, metallurgies and steelworks, paper industries, cement industries, etc. Moreover, the presence of chemical knowledge is important for areas like cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, the food industry or the creation of paints and detergents. Furthermore, the transmission of Chemistry to the students of Secondary Education will be responsibility of the graduates in this subject once they have completed their formation with the required pedagogical concepts. Among the conclusions drawn by the White Book, we find that the Degree in Chemistry is among the 20 most demanded by employers, both of graduates with and without prior experience. Currently, the sectorial offer of employment for graduates in Chemistry is led by the service sector, followed by the industrial sector. The occupational distribution of this global offer is headed by the work as a chemist proper, followed by teaching. The employment of chemists as commercial agents and technicians follow with some distance. With respect to the field of activity of the employing enterprises, the offer of employment for the graduates in Chemistry is lead by the Chemical sector (fourth employing sector of the country), followed in the distance by the industrial sector, teaching and healthcare. European graduates in Chemistry easily access the labor market in the same fields as Spanish ones.

    Thus, in accordance to the current sectorial offer of employment for chemists (White Book of the Undergraduate Degree in Chemistry -ANECA-), the most interesting profiles to define for this type of graduates would be the industrial, the applied chemistry, the teaching-researcher, the non-university teacher, that of sciences related to health and other associated to fields of activity related to Chemistry. In the field of scientific research, there are many topics to which Chemistry may provide improvements. The field of analysis expects the development of new analytical techniques that are more sensitive and available for more substances. The processes of synthesis of substances will be improved using more efficient, ecological and cheaper methods and the synthesis of new substances or those that could only be found in nature will be proposed. An increase in the knowledge of the structure and the properties of the materials in expected, which may lead to the design of other new materials adapted to specific needs, including devices contained in the new field of nanotechnology. The development of methods of simulation is expected, which will be useful for studying from the condensed states of matter to the biological reactivity and activity, taking advantage of the enourmous capacity of modern computer systems.

    In summary, due to its permanent capacity for innovation, Chemistry has always had an enormous impact in progress, developing products and technologies that affect all the fields of activity of human beings, becoming one of the pillars of the competitive capacity of a country. In this respect, it suffices to show the concrete testimony presented by Allchem (Alliance for the Chemical Sciences and Technologies in Europe) in its 2002 report titled "Chemistry: Europe and the Future" (view attached documentation), on the key role played by the Chemical Science in the protection of health and the environment, the improvement of the sanitary conditions, the quantitative and qualitative production of food and in the creation of new and cheaper materials that allow us to improve our quality of life.

    Everything said here justifies the existance of the Degree in Chemisty in our University of Oviedo, one of the oldest Degrees, with the aim of continuing to educate professionals and researchers in this field of knowledge.

    Termination of the Curriculum

    Adaptation to the Degree

    The proposal for adaptation to the Degree is based on the goal of easing the incorporation of students from the Plan of 2001 to the Undergraduate Degree. The number of credits of the subjects has not been taken into account, but rather their contents, the sole aspect comparable between the two teaching projects, so that, if faced with a problem, the student is always favored.

    Bachelor's Degrees that are suppressed by the establishment of the Undergaduate Degree

    The establishment of the Undergraduate Degree in Chemistry of the University of Oviedo suppresses the current Bachelor's Degree in Chemistry (Resolution date June 25, 2001, BOE 23-07-2001).